Carl Heinrich Graun


Adriano in Siria, GraunWV B:I:12Alessandro e Poro, GraunWV B:I:10Angelica e Medoro, GraunWV B:I:19Armida, GraunWV B:I:23Artaserse, GraunWV B:I:8Britannico, GraunWV B:I:24Cajo Fabricio, GraunWV B:I:14Catone in Utica, GraunWV B:I:9Cesare e CleopatraCinna, GraunWV B:I:16Coriolano, GraunWV B:I:20Demofoonte, GraunWV B:I:13Der Tod Jesu, GraunWV B:VII:2Ezio, GraunWV B:I:30Fetonte, GraunWV B:I:21Ifigenia in Aulide, GraunWV B:I:18Il giudizio di Paride, GraunWV B:I:26Le feste galanti, GraunWV B:I:15L'Orfeo, GraunWV B:I:25Lucio Papirio, GraunWV B:I:11Merope, GraunWV B:I:32Mitridate, GraunWV B:I:22Montezuma, GraunWV B:I:29Rodelinda regina de' Longobardi, GraunWV B:I:6Scipio Africanus, GraunWV B:I:4Semiramide, GraunWV B:I:28Silla, GraunWV B:I:27


17 Cantatas, D-B Am.B 222Agitata alma mia, GraunWV B:III:12Ahi qual crucio, GraunWV B:III:13Alme voi che provaste, GraunWV B:III:14Apollo amante di Dafne, GraunWV C:III:67Arresta al quanto a tue vittorie, GraunWV B:III:15Deh lasciate e vita e volo, GraunWV B:III:21Disperata Porcia, GraunWV B:III:29Erheb ihn ewig o mein GeistFidi compagni a suon di tromba, GraunWV B:III:27Hector e sua moglie, GraunWV B:III:51Il trionfo della gloria, GraunWV B:III:28In den Wunden Jesu sterbenL'amor onesta, GraunWV B:III:44Lavinia a Turno, GraunWV B:III:23Non porto Febo mai, GraunWV B:III:34Non te lo dissi già superba ritrosetta, GraunWV B:III:35O fuggito amore anch'io, GraunWV B:III:61Occhi stelle lucenti, GraunWV C:III:68Pesan troppo sul'alma Nice, GraunWV B:III:41Sacra d'amore ombrose selva, GraunWV B:III:45Scherza di fiore in fiore, GraunWV B:III:46Troja già cadde incenerita, GraunWV B:III:50
Carl Heinrich Graun (7 May 1704 – 8 August 1759) was a German composer and tenor. Along with Johann Adolph Hasse, he is considered to be the most important German composer of Italian opera of his time.
Graun was born in Wahrenbrück in the Margraviate of Brandenburg. In 1714, he followed his brother, Johann Gottlieb Graun, to the school of the Kreuzkirche, Dresden, and sang in the Dresdner Kreuzchor and the chorus of the Dresden Opera. He studied singing with Christian Petzold and composition with Johann Christoph Schmidt. In 1724, Graun moved to Braunschweig, singing at the opera house and writing six operas for the company. In 1735, Graun moved to Rheinsberg in Brandenburg, after he had written the opera Lo specchio della fedeltà for the marriage of the then crown prince Frederick (the Great) and Elisabeth Christine in Schloss Salzdahlum in 1733. He was Kapellmeister to Frederick the Great from his ascension to the throne in 1740 until Graun's death nineteen years later in Berlin.
Graun wrote a number of operas. His opera Cesare e Cleopatra inaugurated the opening of the Berlin State Opera (Königliche Hofoper) in 1742. Montezuma (1755) was written to a libretto by King Frederick. His works are rarely played today, though his passion cantata Der Tod Jesu (The Death of Jesus, 1755) was frequently performed in Germany for many years after his death. His other works include concertos and trio sonatas. He was known for particularly good text-setting, probably due to his background as a vocalist.
He married twice and had a daughter, who became a singer, from his first marriage and four sons from his second. His great-great-great-great-grandson, Vladimir Nabokov, became an eminent 20th-century novelist.