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Paride ed Elena

Composer: Gluck Christoph Willibald

Arias (sheet music for voice and piano):

Amor (Soprano)

Nell'idea ch'ei volge in mente

Helena (Soprano)

Donzelle semplici, no non credete a quelle lagrimeLo potrò! Ma fra tanto

Helene (Soprano)

Forse più d'una beltà

Pallas (Soprano)

T'inganni, il tuo destino

Paris (Soprano)

Dall'aurea sua stella colombe amoroseDi te scordarmi e vivere!Le belle imagini d'un dolce amoreOh del mio dolce ardorQuegli occhi belliSpiagge amate, ove talora

Vocal score

Aria: Oh del mio dolce ardor (Act I. sc.1). Complete Score (B flat PDF 0MbAria: Oh del mio dolce ardor (Act I. sc.1). Complete Score (D minor, medium voice) PDF 0MbAria: Oh del mio dolce ardor (Act I. sc.1). Complete Score (D minor, transposed) PDF 0MbAria: Oh del mio dolce ardor (Act I. sc.1). Complete Score (E minor, transposed) PDF 0MbAria: Oh del mio dolce ardor (Act I. sc.1). Complete Score (E minor, transposed) PDF 0MbAria: Oh del mio dolce ardor (Act I. sc.1). Complete score (F minor, transposed) PDF 0MbAria: Oh del mio dolce ardor (Act I. sc.1). Complete Score (F minor, transposed) PDF 0MbAria: Oh del mio dolce ardor (Act I. sc.1). Complete Score (G minor, original key) PDF 0Mb

Full scores

"Paride ed Elena" PDF 20Mb "Paride ed Elena" PDF 37Mb "Paride ed Elena" PDF 66Mb
voices, chorus, orchestra
Wikipedia
Paride ed Elena (Italian pronunciation: [ˈpaːride ed ˈɛːlena]; Paris and Helen) is an opera by Christoph Willibald Gluck. It is the third of Gluck's so-called reform operas for Vienna, following Alceste and Orfeo ed Euridice, and the least often performed of the three. Like its predecessors, the libretto was written by Ranieri de' Calzabigi. The opera tells the story of the events between the Judgment of Paris and the flight of Paris and Helen to Troy. It was premiered at the Burgtheater in Vienna on 3 November 1770.
The hero Paris is in Sparta, having chosen Aphrodite above Hera and Athena, sacrificing to Aphrodite and seeking, with the encouragement of Erasto, the love of Helen. Paris and Helen meet at her royal palace and each is struck by the other's beauty. She calls on him to judge an athletic contest and when asked to sing he does so in praise of her beauty, admitting the purpose of his visit is to win her love. She dismisses him. In despair Paris pleads with her, and she begins to give way. Eventually, through the intervention of Erasto, who reveals himself as Cupid, she gives way, but Pallas Athene (Athena) warns them of sorrow to come. In the final scene Paris and Helen make ready to embark for Troy.
Arias from the opera that enjoy an independent concert existence include Paris's minor-key declaration of love, "O del mio dolce ardor" (O of my gentle love), in the first act. His second aria is "Spiagge amate" (Beloved shores). In the second act, again in a minor key, Paris fears that he may lose Helen in "Le belle imagini" (The fair semblance) and in the fourth would prefer death to life without Helen, "Di te scordarmi, e vivere" (To forget you and to live). The role of Paris offers difficulties of casting, written, as it was, for a relatively high castrato voice. Arias of Paris have been adapted by tenors, with transposition an octave lower, or appropriated by sopranos and mezzo-sopranos.
The aria "O del mio dolce ardor" was arranged for orchestra by Tchaikovsky in October 1870.
After the première in the Burgtheater, Vienna, in 1770, there were 25 further performances in Vienna before 1800 (contrasting with more than 100 of his Orfeo ed Euridice and more than 70 of Alceste).
It seems that Gluck did not bring this opera to Paris - he was in Paris from 1773, but it was not performed there at this time.
The opera was put on in Naples in 1777 but no other productions have been traced until 1901, when it was revived in Prague, and 1905, when it was produced in Hamburg (in German, in a cut version in two acts). Nevertheless a New York Times critic wrote that it had been performed in Berlin in 1863.
The opera received its first performance in the USA in 1954 at the Town Hall in Manhattan. Another production was given at the Mannes College of Music in New York in 1991.
In the UK, the first performance was in Manchester in November 1963. What seems to have been the London première was on 21 October 2003, at the Barbican Hall.
There have been concert performances from time to time, and one in 1983 was followed by a recording. The opera was staged at the Drottningholm Theatre in Stockholm in 1987, with Magdalena Kožená as Paris.
In 2014 Essential Opera performed the opera in Toronto and Kitchener, Canada.
Odyssey Theatre staged the opera in Boston in February 2019.
Bampton Classical Opera plans to perform the opera in summer 2021, the 2020 performances having been postponed.